- Kurakhove is a city situated on the N15 route, approximately 20km from the front-line in Marinka; 50km from central Donetsk. Currently, it is assessed that Kurakhove is not a Russian Federation Armed Forces (RFAF) operational priority.
- Kurakhove Power Station is situated to the west of the city, next to the reservoir. No RFAF attacks have been reported targeting this infrastructure; however, should the RFAF advance towards Kurakhove it is possible that it will become a viable target.
- There has been limited reporting of conflict-related events directly affecting Kurakhove in the last 30-days. However, two RFAF artillery attacks on 07 Jun 22 and 08 Jun 22 have been documented across news and social media outlets and signal a possible increased risk to the city in the short to medium term.
- The RFAF main effort in Donetsk is the attempted encirclement of Ukrainian Armed Forces (UAF) operating in Avdiivka. This is supported by daily reports of air, artillery, and rocket bombardment of urban settlements situated to the north-east of Kurakhove.
- The 54
- Ukrainian defensive positions are also reported to be well-fortified to the east of Kurakhove, reducing the likelihood that the RFAF will mount offensive action towards the city in the medium term.
- Kurakhove is technically within the effective range of several pieces of RFAF artillery from the edge of RFAF-controlled territory. However, it is more likely that these weapons are located further away from the line of contact.
- Travel to the east of Kurakhove is not advised along the N15 route, due to its proximity to Marinka, which is being targeted by the RFAF daily.
- All other routes in/out of the city have minimal event reporting in the last 30-days.
Kurakhove is a town in the Pokrovsky District of the Donetsk Oblast in Ukraine. The town is located on the left bank of the river Volchya/Vovcha (Dnieper basin) and the Kurakhove Reservoir, approximately 50km west of Donetsk, on the highway Donetsk — Zaporizhzhia. Kurakhove has an area of 24km² and is situated 132 metres (433 feet) above sea level.
In terms of local infrastructure;
- Kurakhove Power Station (also Kurakhovskaya or Kurakhivska TPP) - to which the town owes its birth - is a 1.532-megawatt (MW) coal-fired power plant on the Volchya/Vovcha river 15km from Kurakhove. It is owned by DTEK SKHIDENERGO LLC and is currently operating.
- Kurakhiv Reservoir is a dam on the river Volchya/Vovcha built to cool the Kurakhove TPP. The town Kurakhove is located on the left bank of the reservoir.
According to Donetsk VCA Pavel Kyrylenko, the energy sector of the Donetsk region is in critical condition due to constant shelling of cities. As of 31 May, due to hostilities in the region, 321 settlements and villages were cut off for an electrical supply, which is about 357,000 consumers. Kyrylenko further stated that the Donetsk region has also been left without gas supply. According to recent official reports Kurakhiv TPP DTEK Vostokenergo LLC operates normally, although gas is off - fuel oil is used instead.
No trains are currently operating out of Kurakhove. Civilians can leave the city via bus to Dnipro, or Zaporizhzhia. Registration of people coming from the war zone takes place at the Kurakhiv Cultural Center, 2 Zaporizhzhia Avenue. Coupons for humanitarian aid are provided. Status of internally displaced person (IDPs) is provided in the Office of Social Status of the Population at the following address: Kurakhove, 4 Sobornyi Avenue.
There is one hospital located in Kurakhove - Kurakhovskaya City Hospital. Social media reporting from late-May 2022 indicated that it was over-subscribed, with civilian volunteers delivering medical supplies to the hospital.
Tactical Update – Kurakhove
News and social media reporting over the last 30-days presents a limited threat to personnel operating in Kurakhove. However, two significant actions (SIGACTs) were reported on 07 Jun 22 & 08 Jun 22. Local officials reported that the RFAF conducted a missile strike into the city centre at 1000hrs (Local) on 07 Jun 22. At least three residential buildings were reported to have been struck, plus a kindergarten. No deaths or injuries were reported. Videos currently circulating on social media highlight the extent of the damage.
Tactical Update – Line of Contact
Events in the last 30-days indicates that the RFAF are prioritising the encirclement of the 56
Bombardment activities have been reported in Marinka and Krasnohorivka throughout May and June 2022. Media reports also suggested that the RFAF attempted to launch an assault on Krasnohorivka on 03 Jun 22; however, this was successfully repelled by the UAF. There are no further indications that the RFAF will launch offensive ground operations against either location in the next 14-days. Bombardment activity is highly likely to continue in the medium term.
Ukrainian Armed Forces (UAF) – Dispositions
It is unknown whether the 54
RFAF Threat - Artillery
The image shows RFAF artillery capabilities, range rings begin at the forward line of enemy troops (FLET) and represent the longest effective range of each capability.
This is illustrative of Russian capability representing their furthest current projection, in reality these weapons are likely to be distributed further away from the FLET and be used to strike targets within their range parameters not at the furthest edge of them.
Threat – Routes in/out – Kurakhove
The below table is an assessment on the viability of each main route running out of Kurakhove, based on event reporting and proximity to active front-line locations.
NB: It is advised that no personnel travel east towards the front-line without seeking clarification on the status of any proposed route. Advice should also be sought ahead of any travel north towards front-line locations near Sievierodonetsk, or Izyum.
Threat – Rail Infrastructure
There are no indicators to suggest that the RFAF are actively targeting rail infrastructure in the Kurakhove area. However, head of Ukraine’s rail network, Oleksandr Pertsovskyi, previously commented that Russia has stepped up its targeting of Ukrainian rail infrastructure, following the Russian defence ministry’s comments that Ukrainian rail lines are being used to facilitate delivery of lethal aid shipments.
A curfew is in place across the Donetsk region from 2100hrs – 0500hrs (Local).
Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN)
No indication in reporting to suggest that Russia intends to deploy CBRN weapons against Kurakhove or the surrounding areas.
Kurakhove – Threat Outlook
- The overall threat to Kurakhove as at 08 Jun 22 is assessed to be LOW-MEDIUM. The threat has increased in the past 48-hours due to the RFAF attacks on 07 Jun 22 & 08 Jun 22.
- The threat from Russian artillery and precision-strike capabilities is MEDIUM. The attacks over the last 48-hours indicates a potential upward trend of artillery attacks. Residential and industrial locations are likely to be viable targets.
- The threat of an RFAF ground assault is assessed to be LOW; this is due to the level of protection afforded by the 54
Indicators and Warnings
The below list of Indicators and Warnings are designed to inform and build an up-to-date understanding of the current intelligence picture. Evidence of any of the below events would require a reassessment of the risk to personnel scheduled to travel to Kurakhove.
- RFAF gain full control of the following locations: Krasnohorivka, Marinka. This would increase the risk of RFAF attempts to encircle Kurakhove or mount a frontal assault towards the city.
- Intensification of RFAF bombardment activity in Kurakhove, or along the N15 route towards Zaporizhzhia. This is typical RFAF shaping activity ahead of offensive ground operations.
- Evidence of RFAF troops in the vicinity of Avdiivka advancing south-west towards Krasnohorivka.
- Monitoring of activity is also undertaken on secondary locations of interest situated to the south of Kurakhove, including Vuhledar, and Velyka Novosilka.